Demo: Fu Biao
Photography: Qiu Yongqi, Ren Qinfeng, Liang Gongning
Camera: Wang Weifeng
1. Introduction to Iron Pen Skills
One stroke and one sword cannot hide the true character of Confucianism, and every move and force shows the style of civil and martial arts. Literati and calligraphers express their feelings with their pen, and martial arts scholars use their swords to wield pride. The two have both the principle of integration and the same purpose. One piece of literature and one martial arts shows the true character of a hero.
Therefore, it is said: “The valley’s script is long and big; the Wudang boxing method, the phoenix dances with the dragon and the pan. All of them have made great progress in cursive writing because of watching Gongsunniang dancing the sword. The poem praised “In the past, there was a beautiful lady named Gongsun, who danced the sword and moved the four directions.
The spectator is as depressed as the mountains, and the heaven and the earth have been low for a long time. “Mr. Sun Lutang, a martial arts master of a generation known as “Living Monkey”, his calligraphy is even more free, and his bones are hidden in it, just like his boxing. How to Fusheng, Master Haideng and many martial artists, their calligraphy skills are all highly accomplished.
Today, the Confucian general Fu Biao has also worked hard for 30 years in the civil and military swordsmanship. Familiarize yourself with the way of calligraphy in the style of boxing, and understand the opportunity of martial arts in the splash of ink. Therefore, he created a set of “iron pen skills”, also known as “iron stick skills”.
During the creation, Fu Biao carefully studied the relationship between martial arts and calligraphy, inside and outside. For example: martial arts and calligraphy all pay attention to the function of the wrist. Wu Tunan said in “Introduction to Guoshu”: “How can we use force to reach the enemy’s body at will?
It must be determined by the flexibility of the wrist. If the shoulder is not loose, the force cannot reach the elbow. If the elbow is not drooping, the force cannot reach the wrist. If the wrist is not active, the force cannot reach the fingers. How can I hope that its power can reach the body of the enemy? Therefore, the flexibility of the wrist is a necessary condition for practitioners of martial arts. “In calligraphy writing, we pay attention to raising the wrist and hanging the elbow, so that the finger and wrist can be flexible, and the brush can be smooth and free, the severity and severity of illness are moderate, and it is handy. According to legend, when Wang Xianzhi wrote a book, his father Wang Xizhi took advantage of his unpreparedness and deliberately restrained his elbow. If you don’t move, the right army predicts that Xianzhi will become a famous master in the future.
Wang Xizhi’s love for geese is well known to book writers. He often observes the dexterity and ease of geese swimming in the pond, from which he realizes the principle of living on the wrist. When we learn calligraphy, if we can learn from some martial arts wrist practice methods and martial arts content with higher requirements on the wrist, such as guns, swords, etc., it will undoubtedly help to improve the strength and flexibility of the wrist, so as to receive A multiplier effect.
There are many similarities between martial arts and calligraphy in appearance. Calligraphy pays attention to “three points into the wood”, that is, bones, tendons, blood, and flesh. The same is true of martial arts, focusing on “bone art”. The limbs and the trunk are called “five bones”, and the five lines of the “five bones” are required to be strong and strong. In terms of methods, it is often expressed as supporting, pulling, opening, unfolding, hooking, buttoning, warping, collapsing, etc. Calligraphy pays attention to the balance of the frame structure, otherwise the posture will be unworkable, the rules will be deficient, and it will be difficult to calligraphy. Wushu pays attention to keeping the body upright and walking steadily, and the posture is upright and round, that is, every movement is required to be accurate, coordinated, and upright.
Calligraphy pays attention to looking forward to each other, looking at each other, leading each other, and facing each other. There are light and heavy, rigid and soft, hidden and exposed, empty and real, positive and biased, long and short, and positive. There is restraint. In martial arts, there is also the principle of coordination of yin and yang; in the process of learning calligraphy and martial arts, we must follow the principle of from easy to difficult, from shallow to deep.
Wushu must first start with basic movements, first learn the norms and correctness of movements and methods, and then learn routines, and gradually master drill skills and offensive and defensive skills; calligraphy should start from block script, and then learn running script and cursive script. Calligraphy can be divided into Zhen, Xing, Cao, Li and Zhuan; martial arts can be divided into knives, spears, swords, sticks and fists. Yan, Liu, Ou, and Chu have different styles of writing, and they belong to the same word; Shaolin and Wudang have different styles, and they belong to boxing.
Both martial arts and calligraphy come from life. Through mutual reference, learning and exploration, we can enhance communication and broaden our horizons, so that the art of calligraphy can enhance artistic conception, momentum, charm, rhythm, beauty and calligraphy. , evoking resonance and rich associations, helping to improve the practice skills of martial arts routines and the creation of performing arts.
Note: The stylus used for this routine weighs about 200 jin, is 180 cm in length and 60 cm in circumference, and is made of pure copper and iron.
In addition to having a solid foundation and superb martial arts, those who practice this skill should also have a literary and martial arts cultivation base.
There is an ancient saying: “The road is long and the road is long. I will go up and down and seek it out.” In dealing with the world, studying literature and martial arts, you should be diligent and diligent, and do not be idle. Success and thinking, do not destroy by following. Thousands of scouring, although hard work, blowing all the mad sand before reaching the gold. As Fu Biao said in his poem: “If you want to be deep, you need to grind an iron pestle into a needle. After a thousand trials, you will forever cast a motto.” The way of life is to seek!
Wulin Spring Breeze
When the spring breeze of martial arts arrives, it urges me to work hard.
Light robes face disease and temper life wisdom.
– Fu Biao
2. Wushu and Wude
Wude is the soul of martial arts, and advocating Wude is a fine tradition in the martial arts world for thousands of years. In ancient times, “wisdom, benevolence, and courage” were called the three major virtues, that is, “the wise are not confused, the benevolent are not worried, and the brave are not afraid.” Wude also requires wisdom, benevolence, and courage. Mencius advocated “great courage” and opposed “small courage”. He advocated that martial arts should be used in the great affairs of serving the country and the people, rather than the “common man’s courage” who only knows how to be brave and ruthless and willful. It shows that there has been a saying of martial arts since ancient times.
The proverb says: “The way of civil and military affairs, virtue is the first of art” is also a golden rule for all walks of life.
Therefore, people who practice martial arts must have the spirit of “honoring virtue and carrying things”, and be an outstanding talent who can evaluate the heart in writing and view morality in martial arts!
Confucianism and Commander Fu Biao: Literature judges the heart and Wu judges virtue
3. The name of the action of the stylus
Fourth, the stylus exercise exercise
Stand with your legs open, your left hand stands with a stylus pen on the left side of your body, your right palm is even closer to your chest, your head is straight, and your eyes are straight ahead.
1. Boys worship Buddha
Connected to the pose; both hands hold the stylus in front of the chest in a horizontal line with the chest. Hold the tip of the pen in the left hand and the handle of the pen in the right hand, and look to the left.
At the same time, the two hands are changed and the palms are together, and the stylus pen is placed on the arms, left and right balance, in a horse stance, stable and stable, and look straight ahead (Figure 1).
2. Sweep the army
Connecting style; both arms shake up to make the stylus hang in the air, then quickly extend both arms to hold the stylus tightly, switch to a left lunge, sweep out from right to left, hold the pen in the right hand at the front, and hold the pen in the left hand against the waist (figure 2).
3. Step by step
Connect the pose; take a left step into a left lunge, hold the pen in both arms and stab the pen with the force reaching the tip of the pen (Picture 3).
4. Sweep the army
Continue the pose; the right lunge does not move the front leg, and the hind leg moves forward to form a left lunge, and at the same time, the two hands are forced to sweep out, the pen tip and the body are in a line, and the pen tip is visually observed (Figure 4).
5. Turn around and counter stab
Continuing the above pose; keep moving upwards, rotate the body 180 degrees to the right to form a right lunge, and at the same time use the two arms from the waist to press the stylus, the tip of the pen is slightly higher than the shoulder, and the tip of the pen is visually inspected (Figure 5).
6. Standing tall
Connect to the above pose; right lunge, turn back and counter thrust, quickly lift the left knee, and become a right independent pose. Hold the stylus upright with both arms, the pen is vertical up and down, and the body is opposite to the left knee, looking straight ahead (Figure 6).
7. Stylus Universe
Continue the above pose; raise the knee and the left leg and quickly step to the left to form a left lunge, quickly drop the pen at 45 degrees to the side of the body, point the tip of the pen on the ground, hold the pen with the left hand, push the palm with the right hand, and look at the palm of the hand (Figure 7).
8. You Long Wu Yun
Connect the pose; the right arm draws an arc from the bottom to the top to hold the pen end, the left hand takes advantage of the gesture to switch out and sweep backwards, the palm is up, the left leg bends the knee and squatting down, into a kneeling step, looking straight ahead (Figure 8).
9. Welcome guests
Connecting style; hold the pen on the top of the head with the right hand, draw a half arc from left to right in front of the body to the left side of the body, change from kneeling stance to half-horse stance, left leg in front, right leg behind, center of gravity to right leg , hold the pen end of the right hand, and light the palm of the left hand to the left, with the palm facing upward, and look at the palm of the hand (Figure 9).
10. Pick up the pen and pick the palm
Continue the above style; the front palm is back to the elbow, and the pen is placed horizontally on the left elbow with the elbow joint, the fore palm is upright, the right hand holds the end of the pen, the center of gravity is behind, and the tip of the pen is visually observed (Figure 10).
11. Looking back on the plum
Connect the pose; turn the stylus on the wrist with both hands, switch to the right lunge at the same time, and visually observe the tip of the pen (Figure 11).
12. You Long Jingtian
Connect to the upper pose; keep both arms still, raise the knee with the left leg of the lower limb, place the center of gravity on the right leg, stand in single pose, and look to the left side (Figure 12).
13. Go ahead
Connect the pose; raise the knee and the left leg and land in a half-horse stance, with the center of gravity on the back leg, turn the wrist down with both hands to rest the pen body at the level of the shoulder, and visually observe the pen tip (Figure 13).
14. Thousands of tempers
Connecting to the above pose; both arms take advantage of the trend to move the pen forward and pull back, straight up and straight up, change into a lunge when taking advantage of the trend, and a half-horse stance when pulling back (Figure 14).
15. Stand in China
Connecting style: Hold the stylus with both hands, lift the pen from bottom to top, and lift it from left to right, close to the right ear side, hold the end of the pen with the left hand, and the right hand against the barrel of the pen, vertical up and down, form a right lunge, look left square (Figure 15).
16. Pulling mountains and rivers
Connect the pose; the left leg is raised to the knee, and the right is independent, and the stylus is held on the hands of the two arms, with the pen tip facing forward, and the eyes are looking forward (Figure 16).
17. Iron painted silver hook
Continuing the pose; the left knee is raised and the leg is stepped to the left to form a kneeling step, and the stylus pen is placed at a 45-degree angle on the right side of the body with both hands, the tip of the pen is on the ground, the right hand is single-supported, the left arm is swept, the palm is upward, and the back of the body Set the pose, slightly above the head, and look straight ahead (Figure 17).
18. Sitting cross-legged in China
Connect the pose; hold the stylus pen on the top of the head with both hands, and at the same time stand upright with the feet together, and drop the legs into a sitting cross-step, keep the pen-holding action with both hands as they fall, and visually observe the tip of the pen (Figure 18).
19. Wenwu Huaxia
Connecting style; both arms are above the head and the cloud pen is 45 degrees to the left side of the body, the stylus quickly falls to the side of the body, the end of the pen is supported on the ground, the tip of the pen is facing up, and the eye is on the right side (Figure 19).
20. Thousands of tempers
Connecting the pose; the body slowly stands up and walks side by side, holding the pen with both palms, and both arms take advantage of the trend to move the pen forward, changing into a lunge pose (Figure 20).
21. Swing legs
Connected pose; hold the pen with both arms and hang in front of the body, the right leg is drawn from left to right, from low to high, and swing out from the front, when swinging the leg, it must pass from the inside of the stylus. Good flexibility and sense of speed (Figure 21).
22. Wind and Rain Pride
Connect the pose; after swinging the leg to the ground, quickly do the half-horse stance on the left side of the pen, with the left leg in front and the right leg behind, and look at the pen (Figure 21).
23. Iron Legs Shocking
Connect the pose; half-horse stance with bright palms, step forward with your right leg, draw an arc from left to right with your left leg and strike the tip of the stylus horizontally with the sole of your forefoot (Figure 23).
Connect to the pose; swing your legs to strike out, and at the same time rotate 360° to the point where the stylus falls, and then hold the pen forward with both arms and change into a lunge (Figure 24).
25. Iron legs chasing the wind
Connect the pose; hold the pen with both hands and stand on the right side of the body, at the same time hold the pen with one hand and stand upright, and kick the left leg out quickly (Figure 25).
26. Boys worship Buddha
After kicking the legs to the ground, hold the pen on the right side of the body with both hands in front of the chest at the same time, in a horizontal line, jump up with both legs and sit in the plate position, with the stylus on the arms, put the hands together, and look straight ahead (Picture 26) .
27. Force Jack
Connecting pose; stand slowly on both legs, change from holding pen to holding pen on both arms and stand on the left side of the body, and at the same time change the body to kneeling step, stand with stylus on the left side of the body, rest on the upper limbs, and look at the right side square (Figure 27).
28. Welcome to the East
Connect the pose; hold the pen in the left hand and change it to the right hand, stand on the right side of the body, half squat with the right leg, and point the toes of the left leg on the ground to form a virtual step. Push the palm of the left hand 45 degrees to the left and look to the left side (Figure 28).
29. Boys worship Buddha
Connect the pose; place the pen with both hands flat on the chest, with the two arms in a horizontal line, half squat with the right leg, buckle the left leg on the right leg, put both hands together, and look straight ahead (Figure 29).
Connect to the above pose; drop the right leg, stand up with both legs open, place the stylus pen on the left side of the body with the left hand, put the palm of the right hand closer to the chest, keep the head straight, and look straight ahead.
Remarks: The iron pen skill is particularly outstanding in essence, qi, spirit and strength. At the beginning of its creation, Mr. Fu Biao has done in-depth research on human kinematics. Especially in terms of strength, practice, practice and innovation. It is very beneficial to Sanshou martial arts. As far as the human body is concerned, it is divided into upper, middle and lower sections. The last section is divided into three sections: parting, elbow and shoulder.
When the iron pen is stabbed with force, it fully reflects the principle of the coordination of the three arms of the arm, and the same is true for the Sanda punch. The tip of the pen pierces the whole body at one point, and the straight boxing of Sanda is consistent with the whole body’s strength reaching the fist surface. When training, you must work hard and practice hard.