To learn hand-to-hand combat techniques, the following five basic principles should be followed:
1. Make full use of all available means;
2. Actively attack the weakest link of the enemy with maximum strength;
3. When attacking an opponent to make him lose his body balance, maintain his own balance;
4. Be good at using the enemy’s actions to increase their strength;
5. On the basis of mastering each basic movement, after continuous practice, improve the attack speed.
2. Use all available means
1. When engaging in hand-to-hand combat, your life is in danger at any time, so use all means at your disposal to subdue your enemy. You can throw sand in the face of your enemies and hit them with trench digging tools, helmets or belts.
If there is no equipment to use, pretend to throw something so that the enemy’s hand can be withdrawn or cover the vital area. If the enemy is really deceived, they can take advantage of this to launch a rapid attack on them and put them to death.
2. If there is nothing to use as a weapon, you should use your own weapon, such as: (1) the outside of the palm (see Figure 1) Fingers are tightly pressed together and straightened so that the outside of the palm is as hard as possible; Keep your thumb close to your index finger. Hitting an enemy with such a palm can cripple him.
(2) Small fist (see Figure 2)
The striking surface of an ordinary fist is about 52 square centimeters. If clenched into a small fist, the strike contact surface formed by the second joint of the finger is about 13 square centimeters. Hit the enemy with such a small fist, its focus is stronger. When clenching your fist, press your thumb tightly to your index finger to tighten your hand and keep your wrist straight.
(3) Fist tip (see Figure 3)
When clenching the fist, fold the second joint of the middle finger, and the second joint of the adjacent two fingers is wedged firmly on both sides of the middle finger; The end of the thumb clasps the middle fingernail and keeps the wrist straight. Hit the most vulnerable parts of the enemy’s body with protruding knuckles.
(4) Real fist (see Figure 4)
Hitting the enemy with the outside of the little finger of the fist is like a hammer smashing ice. Hitting the temple of an enemy in this way kills him.
(5) Palm back (see Figure 5)
Fingers slightly bent and palms back, trying to make the back of the palm as hard as possible. Hitting enemies with the back of your palm is often more effective than using your fists; Curled fingers can gouge out enemy eyes or attack other parts of the enemy’s face.
(6) Kick with a boot (see Figure 6)
Kicking with the inside and outside of a boot is more effective than kicking with the tip of a boot because it has a large contact surface and is most suitable for attacking the enemy’s small hands and protruding exposed bones; And when kicked with the tip of a boot’s contact surface is too small.
In addition, knees, elbows, shoulders, head, and teeth can be used as weapons to subdue enemies.
3. Attack the weakest part of the enemy with maximum strength
The principle of attacking the enemy’s weakest points with maximum force also applies to individual combat. No matter what the situation, the enemy always has vulnerable parts that are vulnerable to attack.
Depending on the situation, you can actively attack the most vulnerable parts of the enemy with maximum strength, and you can get a quick victory. Active attack is the key to hand-to-hand combat, as only active attack can subdue the enemy.
4. Keep your body balanced
L. Maintaining one’s own balance and making the enemy lose balance is an important magic weapon to defeat the enemy in combat. When encountering an enemy, quickly take a defensive stance to fully defend yourself (see Figure 7). This posture is like a boxer, able to fight back quickly and move freely.
The feet are separated and shoulder-width apart, and the left heel is roughly in the same line as the right toe; If you are left-handed, your left foot is behind. The upper body leans forward and the knees are slightly bent. Hands are palmed, about 15 cm from the face, fingertips are at eye height, palms are opposite each other, palms are facing forward, facing the enemy.
The defensive pose is the best balance before fighting the enemy. By training according to the movements prescribed in this textbook, the ability to maintain one’s own balance and make the enemy lose balance will be improved.
2. When fighting, the soles of the feet are slightly obliquely to the outside to maintain the balance of the body; When attacking enemies, you can use yelling to intimidate the opponent, causing them to lose their balance due to mental tension.
Being good at borrowing the enemy’s momentum is another principle of hand-to-hand combat. Whenever you fight an enemy, you should assume that he is stronger than you and try to avoid immediate physical encounters with the enemy.
It is necessary to use the enemy’s impulse and physical strength to subdue him. For example, when an enemy rushes over, you can quickly dodge his blows, or step to one side and trip him.
6. Accuracy and speed
When fighting enemies, you’ll have little time to stop and think, and you have to do everything to the point where you can strike without thinking.
Therefore, when learning martial arts, every move needs to be accurate, and on the basis of accurate mastery, you can improve your speed through continuous practice. For most of the exercises presented in this textbook, if you want to use them successfully, you need to keep in mind that speed is crucial.