Judo technique training method
Judo is roughly divided into three parts: throwing skills, solid skills, and body skills. Although practice is still allowed as a formality, it has been excluded from judo textbooks and competitive fields in schools.
The following is just my opinion on the basic points of improving the competitive ability of judo and the basic points of throwing and sturking.
Since ancient times, all types of martial arts have attached great importance to the comprehensive exercise of mind, technique and body in order to improve their competitive skills, and judo is no exception. The so-called mind, technique and body in modern manifestations are the three aspects of spirit, technology and physical strength.
The best players in Japan and around the world have been high-level unifiers in spirit, technique, and physical strength. The reason why these champions are mighty is that talent is one aspect, but more importantly, they use the right training method that suits them.
To practice judo techniques, it is best to combine traditional methods and reasonable modern practice methods in order to achieve maximum results in the shortest distance, in the shortest time, with the least effort. To this end, we should make good use of energy and the fundamental technical principle of soft energy and overcome rigidity, and persistently pursue the scientific and rationality of technology.
Judo practitioners are professional and amateur, and their practice content (quality and quantity) and methods are also different, but the purpose is to practice throwing skills, solid skills, connection change skills, various forms, etc. The content roughly includes:
: Judo technique practice is roughly divided into two types: shape and random take. For the purpose of the exercise, it is best to do it separately.
The shape is a certain form of practice composed of countless offensive and defensive technical movements, according to the principles of judo technique. Through the practice of the entire reasonable offensive and defensive action, master the technical principles and practical application.
In the practice of the shape, the attacker and the defender must be prescribed in advance, and the exercises suitable for their own level should be carried out according to the determined order and method of attack and defense.
Among the forms practiced now, there are random forms (cast and solid forms), soft shapes, polar shapes, five shapes, ancient forms, energy to make good use of national sports, women’s talismans, preaching hall talismans, and so on.
According to the above situation, since all the shapes are performed in a predetermined order and method, in order to improve judo skills, it is not enough to only practice shapes, but it is also necessary to test the technical principles and carry out practical application of random exercises.
The practice is a technique training method that uses throwing and sturking, and follows the requirements of judo techniques, and each of them is a technique for free competition.
Judo is made up of many elements. For example, in the technical characteristics of throwing skills (hand skills, waist skills, foot skills, real body skills, horizontal body picking skills), solid skills (suppression skills, twisting skills, joint skills), it reflects the complexity of technical practice and the difficulty of improving technology.
Judo throwing techniques are based on the five new and old teaching techniques, and many applied technical movements are derived from this. These include standing skills, real body skills, horizontal body skills, connection changes in one’s own movements, contact change skills that counter the opponent’s technical movements, and connection skills that transfer to fixed skills.
Guji takes the technical movement of a certain solid shape of compression technique, twisting technique, and joint technique as the basic technology, and derives many application technologies and connection change technologies from this.
Mistaking practice is a direct way to improve your technique (before entering the mistaking exercise, various basic exercises are required), but it should be noted that random taking and competition should never be confused.
Due to the relationship between yourself and the other party, the victory and defeat are clear, even if you carry out several one-by-one, dozens of one-by-one, hundreds of one-by-one wrestling exercises, even if you are fallen, pressed, and strangled, but this is not the victory or defeat of the game, but just a process of honing your skills. In this process, you can learn each other’s skills and improve your technical level through experience. And what about the competition? It is a place to learn about your own technical mastery.
As mentioned above, the form of practice of judo techniques is the same as the form of practice.
Shape is a method of attacking and defensive actions according to pre-defined norms, through various techniques and offensive and defensive theories that cooperate with learning principles. Indiscriminate fetching is an offensive and defensive practice method that makes use of throwing and sturbing movements. Adopting scientific and reasonable practice methods and integrating form and random taking are the main ways to practice judo.
Since the shape is all offensive and defensive exercises that rely on cooperation, it is impossible to practice only this aspect and hone the technique. Random taking should be practiced with the focus, that is, it should be based on random taking and supplemented by form.
In addition, it is understood that in some local judo halls, when taking exercises indiscriminately, they often focus on the practice of throwing skills, and spend most of the practice time on throwing skills, which is wrong. The reason is that if the athlete does not have confidence in the solid skills, then it is generally difficult to perform at the level and achieve 100% results.
If the ratio of random practice is calculated at ten, the ratio of throwing skills to solid skills should be 6 to 4 or 7 to 3. There are two reasons for this:
First, modern judo competitions follow the rules from standing to movement.
Second, the improvement of solid technology is faster than that of investment technology.
After a year of continuous training in Japan, there are many players who boldly declare that “you will never lose in sleep skills”. And technical casting, even after years of practice, it is not easy to practice well.
Mr. Sadazo Kawamura is a professor at the Department of Physical Education at the University of Tsukuba, Japan, and an influential judo expert in Japan. His article “Judo Technique Training Method” was serialized in fourteen issues in the Japanese judo magazine, and was well received and praised by people in the judo community. ([Japanese] by Sadazo Kawamura, compiled by Cui Qiang)