In order to better improve the actual combat ability, Bruce Lee applied speed, strength, various abilities to understand the opponent’s attack and reaction, and the psychology of combat to his fighting system, and integrated and verified the effectiveness through repeated practice, thus further summarizing the tactical play of Jeet Kune Do as the “Five Ways of Attack”.
He believes that whether it is Jeet Kune Do or other fighting techniques, the various attack methods displayed in martial arts can eventually be included in the category of “Five Attacks Methods”. In short, no matter what attack method you use in martial arts, it is nothing more than a direct or combined application of the “attack five methods” (the difference is that different schools use different names, or only 2-3 of them).
Therefore, if a Jeet Kune Do practitioner can deeply understand and use it freely in actual combat, he can adapt to almost any opponent and flexibly perform techniques such as kicking, punching, sealing and locking at distance, medium and close range until he achieves the goal of crushing the opponent. The five attack methods are: Single Direct Attack (SDA), Combined Attack (ABC), Handblock Attack (HIA), Progressive Indirect Attack (PIA), and Decoy Attack (ABD).
Section 1: Single Direct Attack
Single Direct Attack consists of a single attack action, which is mainly to attack the target in the simplest and most direct way when confronting the opponent.
Although a single direct attack is the simplest of the five attack methods, it is also the most difficult to complete. Because a single direct attack requires a particularly high grasp of timing, distance control, speed of attack, and breakthrough of the opponent’s defense, and also requires Jeet Kune Do practitioners to have a strong ability to conceal attacks.
In addition, in order to find the best effect, a single direct attack is often launched at an unexpected angle, sometimes following a feint, sometimes through footwork adjustments and body movements. This attack is also defined as a single angulated attack. Jeet Kune Do practitioners should have the above qualities in addition to the above qualities when attacking each other from different angles, but also have good spatial perception of position.
1. Single direct attack
1. Right punch
When the enemy and we were in medium and close range, I directly punched the other in the face with a straight step. (Fig. 3-1(1)(2))
2. Right median punch
When the enemy and we were at medium and close range, I stepped directly up and dived straight into the middle position and hit the opponent’s waist and abdomen. (Fig. 3-2(1)(2))
3. Low side kick
When the enemy and we were at medium or long distance, I quickly stepped up and kicked the opponent’s knee. (Fig. 3-3(1)(2))