kung fu moves · 06/11/2022 0

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi

1. lunge

 

Bend the front legs to the ground with the thighs inclined to the ground. The knees are basically perpendicular to the toes. The toes are straight forward. The hind legs are naturally straight. The toes are inclined to the front 45-60 degrees. Both feet are on the ground. (Figure 1)

 

2. empty step

 

Bend and squat the hind legs, with the thighs inclined to the ground (higher than the level), the heels and arms are basically vertical, the toes are inclined forward, and the whole foot is on the ground, and the front legs are slightly bent, and the front feet, heels or whole feet are on the ground. (Figure 2)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-

3. footstep

 

Squat down with one leg bent to the ground, with the toes slightly outstretched, and the other leg naturally straightens to the side of the body, close to the ground, with the whole foot on the ground and the toes buckled inside. (Figure 3)

 

4. independent step

 

Stand firm with the supporting leg slightly bent, and lift the other leg with the knee bent and held in front of the body, with the thigh above the level. (Figure 4)

 

5. opening steps

 

The two feet are parallel to each other, no wider than the shoulder, and the two legs are upright or half bent. (Figure 5)

 

6. take a rest

 

Cross your legs and squat, overlapping front and back, with the back knee close to the front popliteal fossa. The front foot lands on the ground with the toe outstretched, and the back foot lands on the ground with the toe forward. (Figure 6)

 

7. half horse step

 

The front foot is straight forward, the rear foot is horizontal outward, the two feet are 2-3 feet apart, and the whole foot touches the ground. Bend and squat with legs higher than the level, and the center of gravity slightly deviates from the hind legs. (Figure 7)

 

8. step d (click)

 

Bend and squat with one leg on the ground, bend and retract the other leg, stop at the inner side of the supporting foot or about 10cm in front of and behind the side, and empty the front foot soles on the ground. (Figure 8)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-1

9. crotch step (side lunge)

 

Both feet are about the same width as the lunge, toes are all forward, one leg bends and squats, the knee is perpendicular to the toes, and the other leg is naturally straight. (Figure 9)

 

[key points]

 

1. all kinds of steps should be natural and steady, and the actual situation should be clear.

 

2. the crotch should be retracted, the knee should be loosened, the arm should be restrained, and the foot should be buckled.

 

3. the distance between two feet shall not be too small, and attention shall be paid to the forward span, especially the step shape.

 

4. don’t step on the same line, so as to relax the waist, relax the crotch, sink the elixir and stabilize the center of gravity.

 

2、 Basic Footwork

 

1. go ahead

 

One step forward on the back foot, or half a step forward on the front foot. (figures 10 and 11)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-2

2. step back

 

Step back with your front foot. (Figure 12-14)

 

3. withdrawal

 

Take a half step backward with your front or back foot. (figures 15 and 16)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-3

4. progress

 

Take half a step forward with your feet in turn. (Figure 17-20)

 

5. step following

 

Half a step forward with the back foot. (figures 21 and 22)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-4

6. side step

 

The two feet are parallel and move sideways successively. (Figure 23~26)

 

7. cover step

 

One foot falls sideways through the supporting foot. (Figure 27)

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-5

8. step insertion

 

One foot passes through the foot and falls sideways. (figures 28 and 29)

 

9. foot grinding

 

With the heel as the axis, the toe is abducted or buckled in, and the forefoot is the axis, and the heel is abducted.

 

(Figure 30)

 

[key points]

 

1. all footwork changes shall be steady and clear.

 

2. when moving forward, the heel lands first; When retreating, the forefoot lands first. If you walk like a cat, do not rise and fall flat, heavy and stupid.

 

3. the front, back and horizontal distance between the two feet shall be appropriate, and the rotation of the sole or heel shall be appropriate, so as to ensure the stability of the center of gravity and the smoothness of the posture. The straight legs shall be natural, and the knees shall not be straight.

Illustration of basic steps and footwork of Tai Chi-illustration-6

3、 Basic leg techniques

 

1. pedal

 

Stand firm with the supporting leg slightly bent, the other leg bent and lifted, the lower leg swung up, the toes hooked back, and the heels pushed out, higher than the waist. (Figure 31)

 

2. split leg

 

Stand firm with the supporting leg slightly bent, and lift the other leg with the knee bent, and then swing the lower leg up. The foot surface is stretched flat, and the toe is kicked forward, higher than the waist. (Figure 32)

 

3. clap feet

 

Stand firm with the supporting leg slightly bent, lift and kick the other leg upward, stretch the foot surface flat, and pat the foot surface with the same side hand in front of the forehead. (Figure 33)

 

4. swing lotus feet

 

Stand firm with the supporting leg slightly bent, kick the other leg from the opposite side, swing outward through the front in a fan-shaped way, flatten the foot surface, and pat the foot surface with both hands in front of the forehead one by one, hitting it twice. (Figure 34)

 

[key points]

 

All kinds of leg techniques should be stable. The knee joint should not be stiff. The joint should be loose; The upper body shall be kept upright, and shall not be bent, bent forward or backward, or inclined to the left or right.