kung fu moves · 08/08/2023

Guiding points for judo skills

body fall (stop foot shaking wrist fall).When the defender comes out with his right foot, the attacker retreats with his left foot, turns around, and dodges his body to the left side of the defender, grabs the upper outer coat with his left hand and pulls it, his right forearm presses against the defender’s left chest, and at the same time tops diagonally forward, so that the defender’s weight is concentrated on the right foot and loses balance to the right front.

At this point, the attacker steps out with his right foot to the front and outside of the defender’s right wrist, crossing it. The rider supports the moment when the weight is out of balance with his right foot, presses the row with his right hand, pulls with his left hand, and throws the defender forward (below).

Guiding points for judo skills-illustration-
Points to note in the guidance:

(1) The coordination of movements such as the back of the left foot and the pulling of the left hand, the crossing of the right foot and the pressing of the right hand is very important, and it should be practiced with brisk movements, and the movements should be completed in one go.

(2) Pay attention to the forward bending of the waist, the rotation of the waist too large, the straightening of the left knee and other actions will weaken the force of the right hand pressure, resulting in poor technical results.

(3) The method of force with both hands is very important. The left hand is initially pulled diagonally upwards, then quickly pulled, the forearm of the right arm presses against the left chest of the defender, and the wrist counter-wrist pressure should be well understood.

(4) When the defender is out of his right foot, he can trip in any situation when he retreats or moves to the right, but the direction of his balance and fall should be in the straight line where the defender’s feet are connected. This should be fully understood by students.

> back throwing (over the back fall).

There are two types of falls: bending the right elbow into the defender’s ribs and lifting the defender on his back (Method 1) and inserting the right arm holding the defender from under the ribs with the inside of the right elbow (Method 2).

Method 1:

When the defender takes the right foot, the attacker withdraws the left foot and turns around, so that the body is facing away from the front of the defender, pulls his right arm with his left hand, and inserts his right elbow into the defender’s right rib, causing the defender to lose balance. Then press both knees at the same time and stretch out, use the back waist to lift the defender on his back (as if jumping up), while the upper body “instigates” forward, pulls hard with both hands, and throws the defender out of the right shoulder.

This method is also called “grabbing over the back” or “throwing both hands over the back” (see picture).

Guiding points for judo skills-illustration-1
Method 2:

Do the same body movement as in “Method 1” and insert your right arm from under the defender’s left armpit. Hold the upper arm firmly with the inside of the right rib against the defender’s right armpit and right wrist, and exit the defender over the right shoulder.

This method is also known as “pulling arms over the shoulder fall”. That is, the back pocket (see picture).

Guiding points for judo skills-illustration-2
Points to note in the guidance:

(1) Practice body movement, pull and guide each other with both hands to make them lose their balance, stretch both at the same time, raise the hips up, and pull and lead the fall movements, without stopping.

(2) At the beginning, bending over and raising the hips back will make the movement weak, the effect is not good, you should start from a momentary posture with a little back arch, bend the upper body forward, press and stretch both knees, and use the hips to bounce the defender’s thighs up and back up.

(3) Knees close to each other and back fall exercises are not only not good for technical results, but also dangerous, so practice should be absolutely prohibited.

(4) Fall on the back (pulling over the back) bend the right elbow slightly before putting half of the arm against the right rib of the defender, not only lifting up, but also pulling forward with the backhand.

(5) A stake fall (directly over the back) with the inside of the right elbow close to the armpit of the defender, and care should be taken not to insert the right shoulder too deeply.

hook leg fall: (small inner cut).

When the defender takes a big step with his right foot, the attacker moves his left foot back and places his left foot on the back of his right foot and tiptoe outward. After inserting the right foot into the opponent’s right foot, the left hand pulls and presses in the direction of the defender’s right waist, and the right hand presses against the upper part of the defender’s left chest to his right rear, (in the same direction as the left arm) so that the defender falls backwards and loses balance.

Next, hook the right foot above the right ankle of the defender and hook the defender behind it (see figure).

Guiding points for judo skills-illustration-3
Points to note in the guidance:

(1) It is very important that the attacker’s left knee and right waist are sufficiently close to the defender, and the posture is lowered, forcing the defender to lean back, so that the defender loses balance to his right rear.

(2) The attacker not only pulls with his left hand, but also presses the defender’s right elbow down in the direction of the right waist, puts the right hand against the defender’s left chest to the back, cleverly “fans” the defender’s right rear direction, loses balance, and does not relax until the last two hands.

(3) The direction of the hook is basically the direction of the right toe of the defender, and the mat hook should be wiped. Bending the knee and hooking upwards is not only not effective, but may be thrown sideways by the other party with the knee pedal. (Compiled by Wang Qianpei and Li Shixin School)