Boxing is called “the sport of the brave”, but it is based on technology, combining skill, will, and wisdom. As the saying goes, “the artist is bold”, and the brave and tenacious qualities and styles displayed by excellent boxers are based on exquisite technology and solid basic skills. Therefore, to learn boxing, you must first understand the basic knowledge and techniques of boxing sports.
The Tsuenmoto pose of boxing is the most favorable starting position for attack and defense. The correct starting posture requires a flexible start, a quick and powerful attack, a stable center of gravity of the body, and a small area of fist exposure, which is conducive to defense. Correctly mastering the basic posture is of great significance for further learning various boxing techniques and fully mastering the techniques of boxing sports.
Many beginners feel bored with the basic posture of boxing, and do not want to work hard to learn, and just want to put on a boxing suit immediately for sparring, which will not learn boxing techniques well.
When the basic postures and various boxing techniques reach the stage of proficiency, different boxing styles and characteristics will be produced from person to person. For example. Known as the champion of boxing in the last century, Joe S is a standard boxing boxing stance, fighting against people, step by step, tight defense, calm and steady. In the forties and fifties, he remained the world’s heavyweight champion for twelve years. For example, Muhammad Ali, who won the world’s heavyweight boxing title three times in the sixties, is an open boxing stance, relying on his unique reaction and agility, sometimes putting his hands to the right, sometimes moving around his opponent, or dancing his original boxing dance steps to lure his opponent to attack. Waiting for the opportunity to fight back can often achieve great success.
The most important thing to practice the basic posture of boxing is to purposefully lure the opponent into the attack, and not to leak the hitting part of your body to the opponent. After mastering the correct basic boxing posture, the two punches, elbows and arms are like four lines of defense, and the opponent cannot hit in. The two fists are like arrows on the string, ready to be launched to attack the opponent.
1. Basic standing posture for boxing
The leg and foot requirements are shown in Figure 3 (with the left foot and the left fist in front as an example).
The feet are in an oblique open position of left, front and right back. The tip of the left foot is slightly inward (about 40 degrees), the sole of the foot is on the ground, and the forefoot is pressed. The right heel is slightly lifted and slightly turned inward, landing on the ground with the forefoot of the foot, and the toe is tilted to the right front.
The distance between the front and back of the feet (front toe to back heel) is slightly wider than the shoulders. The distance between the left and right feet, that is, draw a straight line from the inside of the front toe and the inside of the back heel, and make the two lines parallel, the distance between the two lines is about 10-15 cm.
The left leg is almost naturally straightened. The right leg is slightly bent, the knee angle is about 130 degrees, the center of gravity of the body falls between the feet, and the eye of the right foot does not fall to the ground.
2. Posture of the torso
The left shoulder is diagonally facing forward to reduce the area under attack, keeping the shoulders flat and adducted to relax. The upper body is slightly leaned forward, including the chest and abdomen.
3. Head and neck posture (Figure 4)
Lower your head slightly, collect your chin, close your lips and teeth, look at each other, and your expression should be calm and calm.
4. Posture of both arms and hands (Figure 5)
Both arms are naturally bent with the elbow down, the left elbow joint is bent about 90 degrees, the right arm is bent about 60 degrees, and the elbow is placed in the ribs to protect the liver area. The left fist is positioned slightly above the chin, the wrist is straight, so that the back of the fist is in line with the forearm, and the elbows are relaxed and drooped, without shrugging.
The above are the basic poses that are usually taken. But there is also the right foot and the right hand in front. The posture points are the same as the former, only in the opposite direction.
5. Fist grip (Figure 6)
Bring the four fingers together, the tip of the finger is bent inward against the palm, the thumb is attached to the second phalange of the index and middle fingers, and the back of the hand and the base of the four fingers (that is, the third phalange) are at a right angle so that the fist is facing the opponent. The part between the second and third knuckles is called the fist.
6. The legal part of boxing scores
The punch is scored by clenching the fist (Figure 7), clearly hitting the front and side of the opponent’s head, and the front and front parts of the upper body above the belt, which is the shadowed part in Figure 8.