The different stances of taekwondo are determined according to the different purposes of attack or defense, and their correct posture is directly related to the continuity and completion of the next move, so it must be practiced strictly according to the requirements.
1. Natural body
The most basic way to stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and your toes obliquely outward about 22 degrees apart is the most basic way to stand with your arms naturally drooping, your shoulders relaxed, and your hands in fists at your sides (Figure 139).
2. Leg pose
Standing upright with your feet together requires the inside of your feet to buckle (Fig. 140), and there is also a standing method in which the heels are well together and the toes are about 22 degrees apart outward.
3. Stand on horseback
Feet apart, the tips of the feet are parallel or slightly buckled inward, chest and abdomen are straight, the back is straightened, the knee joint is slightly bent, the weight of the body falls evenly on the feet, and the center of gravity is in the center of the feet. The posture resembles that of a horseback (Figure 141).
4. Standing half-moon
This is a longitudinal stance of the horseback stake, mainly to guard against attacks from the front, the knees should be slightly buckled inward, and the center of gravity should be placed mainly on the front foot (Figure 142).
5. Forward flexion
Also called crotch step, the front and back feet are separated, one and a half steps apart, the front leg is bent at the knee, the hind leg is straight (the same as the front lunge in martial arts), the back foot is slightly about 30 degrees from the longitudinal axis of the front foot, the upper body is twisted 15 degrees, and it becomes semi-sideways, 2/3 of the weight falls on the front foot, and the knee joint is perpendicular to the surface of the foot, see (Figure 143 a front) and (Figure 144 a side).
6. High forward flexion
It’s like walking in your usual posture. The upper body is tilted forward slightly, as if the moment the leg is about to step forward, that is, the center of gravity is shifted to the front foot. The distance between the feet should not be too large, 60-70% of the weight is placed on the front foot, see (Figure 145 – front) and (Figure 146 on one side).
7. Flex back
The front and back feet are about one step apart, the back toe is 90 degrees outward, the hind legs are bent like a horse riding style, the knee joints of the front legs are slightly bent, the soles of the feet are completely on the ground, and 90% of the weight is placed on the back feet, which is equivalent to the imaginary steps of Chinese martial arts, see (Figure 147 – front) and (Figure 148 one side).
8. Cat Adachi
Similar to the posture of the backward bent position, only the toes of the front feet should be completely on the ground, and the heels should be raised about a fist high off the ground, the knees were slightly buckled inward, and the center of gravity fell on the back feet, see (smell 149 a front) and (Figure 159 a side).
9. Cross stand
Standing with your legs crossed, your heels raised, and squat slightly, see (Figure 151 a front) and (Figure 152 – side).
10. Stand on one foot
Lift one leg like a crane (Figure 153) and place the foot behind the knee joint (Figure 154).