Boxing defensive technique
The old boxing only knew the attack, not the defense. Defense is not flight, the purpose of defense is to attack. With a distance of only 2-3 cm, dodging the opponent’s blows and immediately counterattacking, this is the characteristic of modern boxing.
There are many types of defensive techniques, and it is enough to learn a few defensive techniques. The famous world champion also mastered only a few defensive techniques, by no means all of them. For example, Jack Jonson only masters blocking, but he is free to use this technique to win the world championship.
The following will introduce the commonly used defensive techniques.
1. Protection Act
There are two types of protection methods: blocking method and stopping method.
(1) Blocking method
This is a defensive technique to block the opponent’s blows, mainly including blocking inside and blocking outside.
Blocking is mainly used when the opponent’s left straight fist is coming at my face, and in a very short time, the opponent’s attack is blocked with the right hand.
The timing is very important, because if you block it too early, the opponent can change to another blow.
It is ideal when the opponent’s right arm is fully straight and can no longer change the technique.
When blocking, the upper body should be slightly thrown back while blocking with the right forearm. Because when the opponent attacks with one or two strikes, it is dangerous to block it with just his forearm. Therefore, the upper body must be leaned back and, at the same time, hide in the opposite direction of the block.
When defending, the heel should be raised. When blocking inward, turn your wrist outward to block the attack with the palm of your glove. The same goes for outward blocking. But in actual competition, it is not easy to block with the palm of the hand. (Figures 1 and 2)
Counterattacking while blocking is not easy for beginners to do. Therefore, when training, it is advisable to practice the blocking method first, and then learn to counterattack, and it is absolutely necessary to learn the continuous action of counterattack while blocking at the beginning.
When the opponent’s left jab punch comes over, use your right hand to block the opponent’s attack from the outside of the opponent’s left hand (Picture 1), and at the same time, counterattack with the left hook fist, which is easy and powerful. Whether this counterattack is successful or not, it should always keep an eye on the other side to prevent a reversal of the situation.
In addition to the inside block and the outside blocking method, there is also a method called cross-blocking method. This method is to block the opponent’s left hand with your own left hand, or block the opponent’s right hand with your right hand. This method is more difficult and dangerous than the ordinary blocking method described above, but it is more powerful once the counterattack is successful.
The key to the cross-blocking method is to move quickly and decisively, and the danger of using the cross-blocking method mainly refers to: sometimes, we block the opponent’s left direct attack may be a fake action, and at the moment of blocking, we will be attacked by the opponent’s powerful right hook fist. Therefore, without correct judgment, do not easily use the cross-blocking method. (Figures 1 and 2)
(2) Stop-up method
This is with your own hands, stopping the blows of the other party. With a little training, you will master this method.
When stopping the opponent’s blow, pay attention to opening your boxing gloves. Stop the opponent’s blows. Because boxing is a defensive technique, such as stopping the opponent’s blow with your bare hands, in order to set a habit.
What is the difference between the stop-off method and the blocking described below?
Blocking is using your own pain-resistant part to block the opponent’s blow. The stop-blocking method is the technique of blocking the opponent with his own wrist or forearm when the opponent is about to strike. (Figures 3A, 3B)
Figures 3A, 3B
Jack Johnson, the famous seventh-generation black boxing champion of the world’s heavyweight division, is known for his stoppage method. Jack Johnson uses this defensive technique to stop all the opponent’s blows in advance, and at the same time, accurately counterattack the opponent’s key parts, mess up the opponent’s combat psychology, disappoint the opponent, and vacillate until it fails.
2. Backwards method
This method is to retreat from the defense to lure the opponent and take the opportunity to counterattack.
The purpose of retreating is not to escape, but to pretend to be afraid of the other party, and then find the gap of the other party to fight back.
3. Unspoken methods
This is the use of the bending motion to dodge the opponent’s blows. This method is divided into three types: inner submersible method, outer submersible method and vertical submersible method.
The unspoken method is originally a human instinctive defensive method, which is easier to learn, but the rules of boxing require that the hidden method must not be dodged under the belt, so it needs to be solved as a technical problem.
(1) Outside submersible method
This method requires the body’s standing posture to be in an oblique state, so that the opponent is not easy to punch the right fist, so it is safe. Beginners should first master the outer diving method (Figure 4).
While practicing the external diving method, you should practice the counterattack method of the right straight fist, or the counterattack method of hitting the opponent’s abdomen with the left hook fist.
(2) Inner submersible method
This method requires bending while turning slightly to the left, and bending the knee slightly, bending at about 20°.
The advantage of the medial submersible method is that it is easy to hit the opponent’s face and abdomen (Figure 5).
(3) Vertical submersible method
This method only dodges blows by bending the knees.
Its advantage is that it can clearly see the other party’s every move, one move and one style; There is little danger of being counterattacked by the other side. Its disadvantage is that the degree of knee flexion is large, which is easy to cause fatigue, and this method is not completely free from the danger of counterattacks by the opponent, especially the counterattack of hook punches, straight punches, etc. (Figure 6).
Vertical submersible combined with rotation is a good way to reduce the danger.
4. Slip and dodge
Compared with the aforementioned protection method (blocking method, stopping method) subtle method, the backward method, the sliding method is a higher technology. Because it is a defensive method that uses the smallest movements to get the most effect, it is generally mastered by fighters with higher levels.
This method requires sharpness and timing, so it takes a lot of time to train.
There are two types of sliding and dodging methods: internal sliding and external sliding dodging.
(1) Inward sliding and dodging
This method requires that at the moment when the opponent hits his or her face with his left fist, his head is slightly turned diagonally to the left to dodge.
In this position, it is easy to approach the right side of the opponent’s abdomen, occupying a favorable position, and the opponent’s arms are also on the outside of themselves. This makes it easy to hit the opponent’s abdomen with a left hook or a left hook from the inside, or effectively hit the opponent’s face with a right straight punch.
Sliding inward, because it is sliding in front of the diagonal left, the center of gravity naturally moves to the front foot, at this time, if the right foot kicks the ground hard and punches the opponent’s face, it will be a very powerful blow. (Figure VII)
(2) Slide outward to dodge
This method requires one’s upper body to slide to the right front, causing the opponent to hit the upper part of his left shoulder in the air, while counterattacking with a straight left fist.
The slip and dodge method must be countered with one or two levels of play, otherwise, it will be ineffective. (Figure VIII)
5. Reclining method (shaking method)
This is the method of using a backward reclining method to dodge the opponent’s blows. (Figure IX)
Technical points of the recline method:
(1) Let the other person hit a few inches in front of their face.
(2) The upper body is leaned back, and the center of gravity is shifted to the toes of the back feet. At this point, the heels of the back feet are raised and the forefoot is supported on the ground in order to take advantage of the rebound force and grasp the timing to punch straight. It’s good to fight back. (Figure X)
6. Side footwork
Side footwork is also a defensive technique, so I won’t talk about it here. (Jiang Yongji)