The main techniques of boxing include straight fist, hook fist, and swing fist, among which techniques such as jab fist and whip fist have also evolved.
Three Fists: Straight Fist, Swing Fist, Hook Fist
1. Straight Fist (Charge Fist)
Left straight fist
Action description: The preparatory posture is a forward posture, where the left foot and left hand are in front (the same below), the right foot slightly pushes the ground, and the center of gravity slightly moves towards the front foot; At the same time, charge the left fist straight forward to reach the fist surface (as shown in Figures 6-1 to 6-2).
Action points: When punching, the upper body should not lean forward, and the waist should turn slightly to the right. Fist face leading, upper arm pushing forearm, arm slightly inward rotation, elbow slightly bent, quick release and quick retraction, do not pause, quickly restore to a ready position.
Easy to make mistakes and correction methods: Punching: The mistake of punching downward is caused by the elbow moving before the fist before punching. When correcting, emphasize leading with fists and not moving elbows first; Or explain to your partner that you can use one hand to punch and the other hand to press your elbow, gradually experiencing the essentials.
Right straight fist
Action points: The power sequence of the right punch is from the right foot, transmitted to the waist, shoulder, elbow, and finally reaches the face of the fist. Rotate the upper body to the left (without turning the head) to increase the punching force. When restoring, use the belt elbow to actively recover (as shown in Figures 7-1 to 7-3).
Figure 7-3 (close-up)
Easy to make mistakes and correction methods: upper body leaning too forward. When punching, the upper body moves forward too much and the waist does not twist to the left. When correcting, learn more about the essentials of movement and overcome the problem of bending forward. When flipping the elbow and lifting the fist. The forearm and elbow joints of the punching fist move first and turn outward, forming a punching error. When correcting, explain to the coach or peers, or face the mirror and slow down the movements for practice. When correcting, face a mirror or peer supervision and practice slowly to relax to experience the punch line.
2. Swinging Fist (Guanquan)
Left swing fist (left swing fist)
Action instructions: Turn the upper body slightly to the right, while swinging the left fist outward (about 45 degrees), forward, and inward horizontally, bending the arm slightly, with the fist facing downwards, with the force reaching the face of the fist or leaning towards the eye side of the fist; The right fist protects the right cheek (as shown in Figures 8-1 to 8-3).
Figure 8-3 (close-up)
Action points: Apply force from the waist and rotate the waist around the longitudinal axis to the right. When using Guanquan to exert force, slightly bend the arm and lift the elbow tip to shoulder level.
Easy to make mistakes and correction methods: The swing is too large. When correcting, explain in front of a mirror or a companion, eliminate the mentality of only wanting to exert force, strictly understand the operation route of Guanquan, and increase the strength of the action after the action copy is finalized. When correcting, learn more about the key to turning your waist to the right and exerting force, or explain to your peers how to control your body and move forward.
Right swing fist
Action Description: Starting from the preparatory posture, gently push the right foot onto the ground and buckle inward, close the crotch and turn the waist to the left, while swinging the right fist outward (about 45 degrees), forward, and inward horizontally, reaching the face of the fist or leaning towards the eye side of the fist; Turn the left fist and bend the palm and arm back to the front of the left cheek (as shown in Figures 9-1 to 9-3).
Figure 9-3 (close-up)
Action points: Buckle the right foot inward, rotate the hips and waist, and coordinate the power of the throwing fist. When using Guanquan to exert force, lift the tip of the elbow slightly, so that the shoulders, elbows, and wrists are basically level.
Easy to make mistakes and correction methods: refer to “Left Swing Fist.
3. Hook Fist (Copy Fist)
Left Hook Fist (Left Copy Fist)
Action Description: Starting from the preparatory position, the center of gravity slightly sinks, and the left fist is raised from below to above. The angle between the upper arm and forearm is between 90-110 degrees, with the fist facing inward and reaching the fist face (as shown in Figures 10-1 to 10-3).
Figure 10-3 (close-up)
Action point: The center of gravity is slightly lowered to better utilize the reaction force of the front pedal rotation and increase the hook fist strength. The movements should be coherent and smooth, and the force should be applied from bottom to top. When using the hook punch, the waist should rotate to the right and the force should be short.
Easy to make mistakes and correction methods:
(1) Twist your left fist outward. When correcting, face the mirror, do not pursue force, and focus on experiencing the movement route of the fist.
(2) When using hook punches, the upper body leans back and straightens the abdomen. Correction is to focus on understanding the essentials of pushing the ground and turning the waist, as well as the role of internal force.
(3) Raise the center of gravity and cross sideways. When correcting, ask your partner for help, pressing your head with one hand and holding your hips with the other, while practicing and prompting for improvement.
Right Hook Fist
Action instructions: Step on the ground with your right foot, buckle your knee and crotch, and turn your waist slightly to the left. At the same time, copy your right fist from bottom to front and up. The angle between your upper arm and forearm is between 90-110 degrees, with your fist facing inward and reaching the face of your fist; Retract the left fist to the inner side of the right shoulder (as shown in Figures 11-1 to 11-3).
Figure 11-3 (close-up)
Action points: The right hook fist should use the power of the right foot to push the ground, buckle the knee, close the crotch, and turn the waist, with a coordinated and smooth force from bottom to top.
Easy to Make Mistakes and Correction Methods: Right Fist Pull Back. The practitioner may want to increase the intensity of the movement, resulting in a severe pre swing when the right fist is pulled and then hooked. When correcting, one should eliminate the mentality of simply using force and focus on experiencing the movement route and overall coordination and cooperation. Stand your body up. The practitioner did not experience the method of using force to turn the hips and hips, and excessively pursued pushing and extending the hips.
When correcting, ask your partner to assist in controlling the fluctuation of the center of gravity, such as pressing the head with one hand and targeting the target with the other hand (maintaining the correct height), and experience the essentials of focusing on the waist.